Singapore is a multicultural country with a diverse population consisting mainly of Chinese, Malays, Indians, and Eurasians. Its culture is a blend of Asian and Western influences. Some key aspects of Singaporean culture include:
Kultura Ng Singapore : Culture of Singapore
- Chinese Culture: Buddhism, Taoism, Confucian values, Chinese festivals like Chinese New Year, Mid-Autumn Festival, etc. Chinese dialects like Hokkien, Teochew, and Cantonese.
- Malay Culture: Islam, wearing of traditional costumes like baju kurung, food like nasi lemak and rendang, Hari Raya celebrations. Strong family and community ties.
- Indian Culture: Hinduism, food like roti prata, thosai, murukku etc. Celebration of Deepavali, Thaipusam and other Indian festivals. Wearing of sarees and other traditional Indian attire.
- Peranakan Culture: Blend of Chinese and Malay traditions. Unique architecture, cuisine, and attire like sarong kebaya.
Singaporean cuisine is a melting pot of different ethnic influences. Some popular dishes are:
- Chinese – Hainanese Chicken Rice, Bak Kut Teh, Char Kway Teow
- Malay – Nasi Lemak, Laksa, Satay
- Indian – Roti Prata, Fish Head Curry
- Peranakan – Nonya Laksa, Ayam Buah Keluak
Seafoods like chili crab, black pepper crab, and oysters are also commonly consumed.
Arts and Entertainment
- Strong performing arts scene with theatre productions and concerts at Esplanade.
- Street performances during festivals.
- Influenced by Chinese opera and Malay dance and music.
- Films, TV, and literature discuss social issues and reflect Singaporean identity.
Values and Social Norms
- Emphasis on education, meritocracy, and achievement.
- Pragmatism, discipline, conformity to rules.
- Greetings and social etiquette like not pointing with one finger.
- Concept of “kiasu” – fear of losing out.
- The main religions are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity.
- Harmony among different religious groups.
- Many Chinese practice a mix of Buddhism, Taoism and ancestral worship.
In summary, Singaporean culture is diverse and cosmopolitan, shaped by its immigrant origins and connections to broader Asian and Western traditions. It continues to evolve as society changes while retaining its core values.